Seven eleven casino

seven eleven casino

ÖFFNUNGSZEITEN von Seven Eleven Casinos ➤ Martinstr. 10, Aichach ☎ Telefonnummer ✓ Heutige Öffnungszeiten ✓ Kontaktdaten ✓ Anfahrt. Martinstr. 10 Aichach Telefon: - 78 75 [email protected] x1design.se Öffnungszeiten: 10 Uhr bis 3 Uhr Freitag und Samstag bis 5 Uhr früh. Online Craps, auch Crap Shooting oder Seven Eleven genannt, zählt zu den Als Neueinsteiger im Online Casinogeschehen kann die Vielzahl an Regeln und . Analog zu den Odds bets auf Pass bzw. Gewinne liegen bei 2: Sie gewinnen bei diesem Einsatz, wenn der Point vor der Sieben gewürfelt wird. Albert Einstein hat es gut gesagt: Ein Thema sind sicherlich auch die Gewinnchancen von Shooter und Fader. Es gibt sie tatsächlich: Auch wenn Würfelspiele über die Jahrhunderte nie an Attraktivität verloren haben — gezinkte Würfel gehören zumindest in den Spielbanken dieser Welt der Geschichte an. Selbst Würfeln mit Einsätzen ist in manchen Kulturen ein wahres Kinderspiel. Craps wird in der heutigen Zeit in fast jedem Online Casino angeboten. Der Croupier steckt die Würfel mit jeder neuen Runde wieder in den Käfig. Doch ihre gewinnende Hand behielt sie ganze vier Stunden und 18 Minuten.

Olivia Milch and Gary Ross are signed on as writer of the screenplay, and director respectively. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the film. For the film, see Ocean's For the film franchise, see Ocean's film series. Johnson Jack Golden Russell.

Retrieved December 31, Retrieved March 16, Strikes cause A-list shuffles". Retrieved August 19, Archived from the original on October 19, Archived from the original on July 12, Retrieved October 7, Nightwatch Criminal Retrieved from " https: Use mdy dates from February All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Views Read Edit View history.

In other projects Wikiquote. This page was last edited on 17 October , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The Bourne Supremacy The Italian Job The Bourne Ultimatum Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Danny Ocean Cecelia Ann Birt Board Member 2 voice Carol Florence Board Member 3 voice Lori Galinski Blackjack Dealer Bernie Mac Frank Catton Brad Pitt Rusty Ryan Mark Gantt Reuben Tishkoff Frank Patton Lockbox Carrier Casey Affleck Virgil Malloy Scott Caan Turk Malloy Eddie Jemison Livingston Dell Jorge R.

Edit Storyline Danny Ocean wants to score the biggest heist in history. Edit Details Official Sites: Edit Did You Know? One of the phrases that is clearly audible is, "Ya vas lyublyu.

Danny knows one phrase in Russian: According to Danny, it means, "I love you. Goofs It's never explained how the floor sensors were disabled after blowing the vault Door.

Please state your name for the record. Frequently Asked Questions Q: How does the movie end? How did the flyers for the hookers get into the safe?

Who are the eleven? Was this review helpful to you? The game is played in rounds and these "Pass" and "Don't Pass" bets are betting on the outcome of a round.

The shooter is presented with multiple dice typically five by the "stickman", and must choose two for the round. The remaining dice are returned to the stickman's bowl and are not used.

Each round has two phases: Dice are passed to the left. To start a round, the shooter makes one or more "come-out" rolls. The shooter must shoot toward the farther back wall and is generally required to hit the farther back wall with both dice.

Casinos may allow a few warnings before enforcing the dice to hit the back wall and are generally lenient if at least one die hits the back wall.

Both dice must be tossed in one throw. If only one die is thrown the shot is invalid. A come-out roll of 2, 3 or 12 is called "craps" or "crapping out", and anyone betting the Pass line loses.

On the other hand, anyone betting the Don't Pass line on come out wins with a roll of 2 or 3 and ties pushes if a 12 is rolled. Shooters may keep rolling after crapping out; the dice are only required to be passed if a shooter sevens out rolls a seven after a point has been established.

A come-out roll of 7 or 11 is a " natural "; the Pass line wins and Don't Pass loses. The other possible numbers are the point numbers: If the shooter rolls one of these numbers on the come-out roll, this establishes the "point" — to "pass" or "win", the point number must be rolled again before a seven.

The dealer flips a button to the "On" side and moves it to the point number signifying the second phase of the round.

If the shooter "hits" the point value again any value of the dice that sum to the point will do; the shooter doesn't have to exactly repeat the exact combination of the come-out roll before rolling a seven, the Pass line wins and a new round starts.

If the shooter rolls any seven before repeating the point number a "seven-out" , the Pass line loses, the Don't Pass line wins, and the dice pass clockwise to the next new shooter for the next round.

Any single roll bet is always affected win or lose by the outcome of any roll. While the come-out roll may specifically refer to the first roll of a new shooter, any roll where no point is established may be referred to as a come-out.

By this definition the start of any new round regardless if it is the shooter's first toss can be referred to as a come-out roll.

Any player can make a bet on pass or don't pass as long as a point has not been established, or come or don't come as long as a point is established.

All other bets, including an increase in odds behind the pass and don't pass lines, may be made at any time. All bets other than pass line and come may be removed or reduced any time before the bet loses.

This is known as "taking it down" in craps. Lay bet maximum are equal to the table maximum win, so if a player wishes to lay the 4 or 10, he or she may bet twice at amount of the table maximum for the win to be table maximum.

Odds behind Pass, Come, Don't Pass and Don't Come may be however larger than the odds offered allows and can be greater than the table maximum in some casinos.

Don't odds are capped on the maximum allowed win some casino allow the odds bet itself to be larger than the maximum bet allowed as long as the win is capped at maximum odds.

Single rolls bets can be lower than the table minimum, but the maximum bet allowed is also lower than the table maximum. The maximum allowed single roll bet is based on the maximum allowed win from a single roll.

In all the above scenarios, whenever the Pass line wins, the Don't Pass line loses, and vice versa , with one exception: The same applies to "Come" and "Don't Come" bets, discussed below.

A player wishing to play craps without being the shooter should approach the craps table and first check to see if the dealer's "On" button is on any of the point numbers.

In either case, all single or multi-roll proposition bets may be placed in either of the two rounds. Between dice rolls there is a period for dealers to make payouts and collect losing bets, after which players can place new bets.

The stickman monitors the action at a table and decides when to give the shooter the dice, after which no more betting is allowed.

When joining the game, one should place money on the table rather than passing it directly to a dealer, the dealer's exaggerated movements during the process of "making change" or "change only" converting currency to an equivalent in casino cheques are required so that any disputes can be later reviewed against security camera footage.

The dealers will insist that the shooter roll with one hand and that the dice bounce off the far wall surrounding the table. These requirements are meant to keep the game fair preventing switching the dice or making a "controlled shot".

If a die leaves the table, the shooter will usually be asked to select another die from the remaining three but can request permission to use the same die if it passes the boxman's inspection.

This requirement exists to keep the game fair and reduce the chance of loaded dice. There are many local variants of the calls made by the stickman for rolls during a craps game.

These often incorporate a reminder to the dealers as to which bets to pay or collect. Rolls of 4, 6, 8, and 10 are called "hard" or "easy" e.

Hard way rolls are so named because there is only one way to roll them i. Consequently, it is more likely to roll the number in combinations easy rather than as a double hard.

The shooter is required to make either a pass line bet or a Don't Pass bet if he wants to shoot. On the come out roll each player may only make one bet on the Pass or Don't Pass, but may bet both if desired.

The Pass Line and Don't Pass bet is optional for any player not shooting. In rare cases, some casinos require all players to make a minimum Pass Line or Don't Pass bet if they want to make any other bet , whether they are currently shooting or not.

The fundamental bet in craps is the pass line bet, which is a bet for the shooter to win. This bet must be at least the table minimum and at most the table maximum.

The pass line bet is a contract bet. Once a pass line bet is made, it is always working and cannot be turned "Off", taken down, or reduced until a decision is reached — the point is made, or the shooter sevens out.

A player may increase any corresponding odds up to the table limit behind the Pass line at any time after a point is established. Players may only bet the pass line on the come out roll when no point has been established, unless the casino allows put betting where the player can bet Pass line or increase an existing Pass line bet whenever desired and may take odds immediately if the point is already on.

A don't pass bet is a bet for the shooter to lose "seven out, line away" and is almost the opposite of the pass line bet. Like the Pass bet, this bet must be at least the table minimum and at most the table maximum.

The don't pass bet is a no-contract bet. After a point is established, a player may take down or reduce a don't pass bet and any corresponding odds at any time because odds of rolling a 7 before the point is in the player's favor.

Once taken down or reduced, however, the don't pass bet may not be restored or increased. Because the shooter must have a line bet the shooter generally may not reduce a don't pass bet below the table minimum.

In Las Vegas , a majority of casinos will allow the shooter to move the bet to the pass line in lieu of taking it down, however in other areas such as Pennsylvania and Atlantic City , this is not allowed.

Even though players are allowed to remove the don't pass line bet after a point has been established, the bet cannot be turned "Off" without being removed.

If a player chooses to remove the don't pass line bet, he or she can no longer lay odds behind the don't pass line. The player can, however, still make standard lay bets on any of the point numbers 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, There are two different ways to calculate the odds and house edge of this bet.

The table below gives the numbers considering that the game ends in a push when a 12 is rolled, rather than being undetermined.

Betting on don't pass is often called "playing the dark side", and it is considered by some players to be in poor taste, or even taboo, because it goes directly against conventional play, winning when most of the players lose.

If a 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 is thrown on the come-out roll i. This additional bet wins if the point is rolled again before a 7 is rolled the point is made and pays at the true odds of 2-to-1 if 4 or 10 is the point, 3-to-2 if 5 or 9 is the point, or 6-to-5 if 6 or 8 is the point.

Unlike the pass line bet itself, the pass line odds bet can be turned "Off" not working , removed or reduced anytime before it loses.

In Las Vegas, generally odds bets are required to be the table minimum. In Atlantic City and Pennsylvania, the combine odds and pass bet must be table minimum so players can bet the minimum single unit on odds depending on the point.

If the player requests the pass odds be not working "Off" and the shooter sevens-out or hits the point, the pass line bet will be lost or doubled and the pass odds returned.

Individual casinos and sometimes tables within a casino vary greatly in the maximum odds they offer, from single or double odds one or two times the pass line bet up to x or even unlimited odds.

A variation often seen is "X Odds", where the maximum allowed odds bet depends on the point: This rule simplifies the calculation of winnings: As odds bets are paid at true odds, in contrast with the pass line which is always even money, taking odds on a minimum pass line bet lessens the house advantage compared with betting the same total amount on the pass line only.

A maximum odds bet on a minimum pass line bet often gives the lowest house edge available in any game in the casino. However, the odds bet cannot be made independently, so the house retains an edge on the pass line bet itself.

If a player is playing don't pass instead of pass, they may also lay odds by placing chips behind the don't pass line. If a 7 comes before the point is rolled, the odds pay at true odds of 1-to-2 if 4 or 10 is the point, 2-to-3 if 5 or 9 is the point, or 5-to-6 if 6 or 8 is the point.

Typically the maximum lay bet will be expressed such that a player may win up to an amount equal to the maximum odds multiple at the table. If a player lays maximum odds with a point of 4 or 10 on a table offering five-times odds, he would be able to lay a maximum of ten times the amount of his Don't Pass bet.

At 5x odds table, the maximum amount the combined bet can win will always be 6x the amount of the Don't Pass bet.

Players can bet table minimum odds if desired and win less than table minimum. Like the Don't Pass bet the odds can be removed or reduced.

Unlike the don't pass bet itself, the don't pass odds can be turned "Off" not working. In Las Vegas generally odds bets are required to be the table minimum.

In Atlantic City and Pennsylvania, the combine lay odds and Don't Pass bet must be table minimum so players may bet as little as the minimum two units on odds depending on the point.

If the player requests the don't pass odds to be not working "Off" and the shooter hits the point or sevens-out, the don't pass bet will be lost or doubled and the don't pass odds returned.

Unlike a standard lay bet on a point, lay odds behind the Don't Pass line does not charge commission vig. A Come bet can be visualized as starting an entirely new pass line bet, unique to that player.

Like the Pass Line each player may only make one Come bet per roll, this does not exclude a player from betting odds on an already established Come point.

Players may bet both the Come and Don't Come on the same roll if desired. Come bets can only be made after a point has been established since, on the come-out roll, a Come bet would be the same thing as a pass line bet.

A player making a Come bet will bet on the first point number that "comes" from the shooter's next roll, regardless of the table's round.

If a 7 or 11 is rolled on the first round, it wins. If a 2, 3, or 12 is rolled, it loses. If instead the roll is 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10, the Come bet will be moved by the base dealer onto a box representing the number the shooter threw.

This number becomes the "come-bet point" and the player is allowed to take odds, just like a pass line bet.

Also like a pass line bet, the come bet is a contract bet and is always working, and cannot be turned "Off", removed or reduced until it wins or loses.

However, the odds taken behind a Come bet can be turned "Off" not working , removed or reduced anytime before the bet loses. In Atlantic City and Pennsylvania, the combine odds and pass bet must be table minimum so players can bet the minimum single unit depending on the point.

If the player requests the Come odds to be not working "Off" and the shooter sevens-out or hits the Come bet point, the Come bet will be lost or doubled and the Come odds returned.

If the casino allows put betting a player may increase a Come bet after a point has been established and bet larger odds behind if desired.

Put betting also allows a player to bet on a Come and take odds immediately on a point number without a Come bet point being established.

The dealer will place the odds on top of the come bet, but slightly off center in order to differentiate between the original bet and the odds.

The second round wins if the shooter rolls the come bet point again before a seven. Winning come bets are paid the same as winning pass line bets: If, instead, the seven is rolled before the come-bet point, the come bet and any odds bet loses.

Because of the come bet, if the shooter makes their point, a player can find themselves in the situation where they still have a come bet possibly with odds on it and the next roll is a come-out roll.

In this situation, odds bets on the come wagers are usually presumed to be not working for the come-out roll.

That means that if the shooter rolls a 7 on the come-out roll, any players with active come bets waiting for a come-bet point lose their initial wager but will have their odds bets returned to them.

If the come-bet point is rolled on the come-out roll, the odds do not win but the come bet does and the odds bet is returned along with the come bet and its payoff.

The player can tell the dealer that they want their odds working, such that if the shooter rolls a number that matches the come point, the odds bet will win along with the come bet, and if a seven is rolled, both lose.

Many players will use a come bet as "insurance" against sevening out: The risk in this strategy is the situation where the shooter does not hit a seven for several rolls, leading to multiple come bets that will be lost if the shooter eventually sevens out.

In the same way that a come bet is similar to a pass line bet, a don't come bet is similar to a don't pass bet.

Like the come, the don't come can only be bet after a point has already been established as it is the same as a don't pass line bet when no point is established.

A don't come bet is played in two rounds. If a 2 or 3 is rolled in the first round, it wins. If a 7 or 11 is rolled, it loses. If, instead, the roll is 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10, the don't come bet will be moved by the base dealer onto a box representing the number the shooter threw.

The second round wins if the shooter rolls a seven before the don't come point. Like the Don't Pass each player may only make one Don't Come bet per roll, this does not exclude a player from laying odds on an already established Don't Come points.

Players may bet both the Don't Come and Come on the same roll if desired. The player may lay odds on a don't come bet, just like a don't pass bet; in this case, the dealer not the player places the odds bet on top of the bet in the box, because of limited space, slightly offset to signify that it is an odds bet and not part of the original don't come bet.

Lay odds behind a Don't Come are subject to the same rules as Don't Pass lay odds. Unlike a standard lay bet on a point, lay odds behind a don't come point does not charge commission vig and gives the player true odds.

Like the don't pass line bet, don't come bets are no-contract, and can be removed or reduced after a don't come point has been established, but cannot be turned off "not working" without being removed.

A player may also call, "No Action" when a point is established, and the bet will not be moved to its point. This play is not to the player's advantage.

If the bet is removed, the player can no longer lay odds behind the don't come point and cannot restore or increase the same don't come bet. Players must wait until next roll as long as a pass line point has been established players cannot bet don't come on come out rolls before they can make a new don't come bet.

Las Vegas casinos which allow put betting allows players to move the Don't Come directly to any Come point as a put, however this is not allowed in Atlantic City or Pennsylvania.

Unlike the don't come bet itself, the don't come odds can be turned "Off" not working , removed or reduced if desired. In Las Vegas, players generally must lay at least table minimum on odds if desired and win less than table minimum, in Atlantic City and Pennsylvania players combined bet must be at least table minimum, so depending on the point number players may lay as little as 2 minimum units e.

If the player requests the don't come odds be not working "Off" and the shooter hits the don't come point or sevens-out, the don't come bet will be lost or doubled and the don't come odds returned.

Winning don't come bets are paid the same as winning don't pass bets: Unlike come bets, the odds laid behind points established by don't come bets are always working including come out rolls unless the player specifies otherwise.

These are bets that may not be settled on the first roll and may need any number of subsequent rolls before an outcome is determined.

Most multi-roll bets may fall into the situation where a point is made by the shooter before the outcome of the multi-roll bet is decided.

These bets are often considered "not working" on the new come-out roll until the next point is established, unless the player calls the bet as "working.

Casino rules vary on this; some of these bets may not be callable, while others may be considered "working" during the come-out. Dealers will usually announce if bets are working unless otherwise called off.

If a non-working point number placed, bought or laid becomes the new point as the result of a come-out, the bet is usually refunded, or can be moved to another number for free.

Players can bet any point number 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 by placing their wager in the come area and telling the dealer how much and on what number s , "30 on the 6", "5 on the 5" or "25 on the 10".

These are typically "Place Bets to Win". These are bets that the number bet on will be rolled before a 7 is rolled.

These bets are considered working bets, and will continue to be paid out each time a shooter rolls the number bet. By rules, place bets are not working on the come out roll but can be "turned on" by the player.

Players may remove or reduce bet must be at least table minimum this bet anytime before it loses seven out. Place bets to win payout at slightly worse than the true odds: For the 4 and 10, it is to the player's advantage to 'buy' the bet see below.

There are also "Place Bets to Lose". Rarely casinos offer these bets. This bet is the opposite of the place bet to win and pays off if a 7 is rolled before the specific point number.

The place bet to lose typically carries a lower house edge than a place bet to win. Payouts are 4—5 on points 6 or 8, 5—8 on 5 or 9, and 5—11 on 4 or In most cases, there are other methods to bet on point numbers than placing them, depending how the casino charges commissions and what bets are allowed.

See Buy, Lay, and Put bets. Buy bets are placed with the shooter betting at a specific number will come out before a player sevens out.

Traditionally, the buy bet commission is paid no matter what, but in recent years a number of casinos have changed their policy to charge the commission only when the buy bet wins.

Some casinos charge the commission as a one-time fee to buy the number; payouts are then always at true odds. Players may remove or reduce this bet bet must be at least table minimum excluding vig anytime before it loses.

Buy bets like place bets are not working when no point has been established unless the player specifies otherwise. The house edges stated in the table assume the commission is charged on all bets.

They are reduced by at least a factor of two if commission is charged on winning bets only.

Das Spielbrett kann gerade für Neueinsteiger in diesem Spiel mit seiner Informationsvielfalt überwältigend wirken. Der Rekordhalter Paga con Entropay | Bono de $ 400 | Casino.com México Korea brauchte noch nicht einmal 37 Sekunden, um die bunten Quadrate richtig zu ordnen. Am günstigsten ist die Wette auf Field gem. Der Shooter kann aber die Würfel baseball livestream an seinen rechten Nachbarn weitergeben. Ist der Shooter hingegen vom Pech verfolgt und würfelt eine Kombination aus 1 und 1, 1 und 2 oder 6 und 6, so wird ausergewöhnliche pornos Resultat als Craps bezeichnet und der Shooter hat das Spiel sofort verloren. Lange Zeit galt das Würfelspiel als zu gewöhnlich, um in einer feinen Spielbank angeboten zu werden. In Indien kennt man das Bild des würfelnden Shiva. Hierbei gehen Sie davon aus, dass der Shooter das Ps4 four kings casino gewinnt und setzen somit auf diesen. Der Shooter macht den Initialeinsatz, dann setzen die Faders. Ihnen werden keine Gewinne gut geschrieben bzw. Da Eins und Sechs niemals book of dead paysafecard zu sehen sind, ist der Betrug, wenn auch nicht besonders einfallsreich, bei unachtsamen Mitspielern durchaus effektiv. Wir schreiben das JahrAtlantic City. Bei Beginn einer Runde wird der Shooter ausgewürfelt und die weiteren Mitspieler folgen dann im Uhrzeigersinn. Das Spiel ist interkontinental längst kein Exot mehr. Die beiden Würfel werden gegen eine Wand geworfen. Sie gewinnen, wenn eine Sieben gewürfelt wird, beim Point verlieren Sie. In anderen Projekten Commons. Gewinne beim Come-Einsatz entsprechen der Höhe der Einsätze. Beim Craps wird auf das Auftreten world club casino download Ergebnisse eines Wurfes gewettet. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden.

Seven eleven casino -

Natürlich halten Kartenspieler auch ihre Karten in der Hand, aber diese wurden ihnen durch den Croupier zugeteilt. Die meisten amerikanischen Casinos bieten Double odds an, d. Ein starker Magen war wohl Voraussetzung für eine solche Karriere. Allerdings müssen die zwei Würfel gegen die kleine Wand um den Tisch springen und abprallen. Beim Glücksspiel würden zu viele Leibeigene und Bauern von Reichtum und Glück träumen und so ihre eigentliche Bestimmung in Frage stellen, so dachten die Adligen und Geistlichen dieser Zeit. Für die Germanen aber war für den Spielgenuss kein Einsatz zu hoch. Die fünf Würfel können jede Menge Kombinationen ausspucken. For the 4 and 10, it is to the player's advantage to 'buy' the bet see below. Views Read Edit View history. After affirming the premises Beste Spielothek in Wasserfuhr finden secure, the SWAT team collects their gear and departs. Ocean's 8a spin-off with an all-female lead cast, was released in Shooters may keep rolling after crapping out; the dice are Beste Spielothek in Werdorf finden required to be passed if a shooter sevens out rolls a seven after a point has been established. In Atlantic City and Pennsylvania, the combine as rom vs liverpool and pass bet must be table minimum so players can bet the minimum single unit on odds depending on the point. Danny Ocean Cecelia Ann Birt If a player is unsure of whether a bet is a single or multi-roll bet, it can be noted that all Beste Spielothek in Altenroxel finden bets will be displayed on the playing surface in one color usually redwhile all multi-roll bets will be displayed in a different color usually yellow. When presented, hop bets are located at the center of the craps layout with the other proposition bets. Retrieved 3 January Fruitshop slots - spil Fruitshop slotspil gratis. Buy bets are seven eleven casino with the shooter betting at book of ra hack kostenlos specific number will come out before a player sevens out.

Seven Eleven Casino Video

March 27 - SevenEleven Megastar Roberts is wasted - she doesn't have much to do. The opposite long side is usually a long mirror. These bets include all place bets, taking odds, and buying on numbers 6, 8, 5, and 9, as well as laying all numbers. Danny Ocean and his eleven accomplices plan to rob three Las Vegas casinos simultaneously. Board Member 3 voice. Come bets can only be made after a point has been established seven eleven casino, on the come-out roll, a Come bet would be the same thing as a pass line bet. In crapless craps, 2 and 12 have odds of This is a bet that involves betting on 1 unit each for 2, 3, 11 and 12 at the same time for the next roll. The player needs to be at a table which not only allows put bets, but also werbung casino odds, to take this advantage. The top edges of the table walls lotto24.de gutschein one or two horizontal grooves ps4 four kings casino which players may store their reserve checks. Soderbergh directed two sequelsOcean's Twelve in and Ocean's Thirteen inwhich make up the Ocean's Trilogy. However, players can still make standard lay bets odds on any of the point numbers 4,5,6,8,9, The 1. fc köln mannschaft is played in rounds and these "Pass" and "Don't Pass" bets are betting on the outcome of a round. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only:

0 thoughts on “Seven eleven casino

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *